Range Receptacles – How to Strip Wire Sheathing
Stripping the sheathing off of wire is fairly easy when you use a Romex sheath cutting tool or a razor knife. When using a razor knife, carefully score the wire between the conductors of wire. Be careful not to nick the insulation of the wires when cutting. Use side-cutting pliers to trim the excess sheathing from the wire. Remove the paper filler between the wires.
How to Strip the Conductor Insulation
In order to strip conductor insulation, you’ll need a pair of wire strippers. The strippers have many sized cutting blades for many different sized wires. Select the proper sized cutter hole for the sized wire you are working with. Position the strippers over the wire and squeeze the handles. Twist the strippers slightly back and fort to loosen the insulation. Pull away from you and the piece of insulation that you are cutting should slide right off. Now do the remaining wires.
How to Connect the Wires to the Terminals
In order to connect wires to the terminals on the range receptacle, unscrew the screws on the terminal connections. Insert the stripped wires into the terminal slots and tighten the screw snugly. Tug on the wire to be sure the connections are tight. The brass-colored terminals are for the “hot” wires. These are the top two terminals of the receptacle. The black wire connects to the left terminal and the red wire connects to the right terminal. The silver-colored terminal is for the neutral or neutral/ground connection. The white wire connects to this terminal.
How to Attach the Wire Clamp
In order to attach the wire clamp to an electric range receptacle, insert half of the clamp into the receptacle box hole. This part of the clamp will be the one with the smaller holes. Place it on the bottom of the wire. Now, install the other half of the clamp into the hole on the top side of the wire. Using pump pliers, squeeze the two halves together and install the two Phillips-head screws. Tighten the connection snugly and then tug at the wire to be sure that the wire is secure.
How to Install an Electric Range Receptacle Cover Plate
To install an electric range receptacle cover plate, slide the cover over the outlet and press into place. Insert the retaining screw and tighten with a straight-blade screwdriver. Do not over-tighten because the cover may break.
How to Test an Electric Range Receptacle
You can test an electric range receptacle by using a multimeter. Insert the two test leads into the tester if they aren’t already installed. Turn the tester power on and set the selector to AC volts. Now adjust the setting to the 240-volt setting or the next highest setting. Insert the test leads into the two top “hot” slots in the receptacle. These are the two slots that are tipped at a 45 degree angle. The voltage at this point should read between 220-240 volts. Now read the voltage between each of the two hot leads to the neutral slot. It is the straight slot below the two “hot” slots. The voltage here should read between 110-120 volts. If all of these connections check out, you have a fully functioning range receptacle.